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Galafold (migalastat) Prior Authorization with Quantity Limit Program Summary

Policy Number: PH-91095

This program applies to Blue Partner, Commercial, NetResults A series, SourceRx and Health Insurance Marketplace formularies.      

POLICY REVIEW CYCLE                                                                                                                                                                           

Effective Date

Date of Origin 

07-01-2024            

04-01-2019

FDA LABELED INDICATIONS AND DOSAGE

Agent(s)

FDA Indication(s)

Notes

Ref#

Galafold®

(migalastat)

Capsule

Treatment of adults with a confirmed diagnosis of Fabry disease and an amenable galactosidase alpha gene (GLA) variant based on in vitro assay data

1

See package insert for FDA prescribing information:  https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/index.cfm

CLINICAL RATIONALE

Fabry Disease

Fabry disease, also called Anderson-Fabry disease, is a rare X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by pathogenic mutations in the GLA (galactosidase alpha) gene, resulting in functional deficiency of the enzyme alpha-galactosidase A (alpha-Gal A).(4) Markedly reduced, or absent, activity of alpha-Gal A results in progressive accumulation of glycolipids, primarily globotriaosylceramide (GL-3, Gb3), within lysosomes in multiple cell types throughout the body.(2,4,5) This includes those particularly relevant to disease pathology (e.g., vascular endothelial cells, podocytes, cardiomyocytes, arterial smooth muscle cells) and other cell types in the kidneys, nervous system, and other organs.(2,5,6) Although some GLA variants do not appear to cause disease, more than a thousand disease-causing GLA variants have been identified. The severity of symptoms may vary among individuals depending upon the specific GLA mutation within their family. In general, mutations that result in little to no alpha-Gal A activity cause the classic Fabry phenotype, and those mutations that result in residual alpha-Gal A activity cause the atypical later-onset phenotype.(2,4,5)

The "classic" form of Fabry disease is the most severe clinical phenotype and occurs predominantly in males. These patients are characterized by absent or severely reduced alpha-Gal A activity, with childhood or adolescent onset of symptoms including severe neuropathic or limb pain, abdominal pain, telangiectasias and angiokeratomas, corneal opacities, renal involvement that may progress to end-stage renal disease (ESRD), and hearing loss, with cardiac and cerebrovascular involvement occurring by adulthood. The spectrum of disease severity in heterozygous female patients ranges from asymptomatic to a severe phenotype resembling the male "classic" phenotype and is, in part, dependent on the mutation and the X chromosome inactivation (Lyonization) profile. The prevalence of signs and symptoms at any given age is lower in females, though increasing age will result in development of cardiac and cerebrovascular involvement.(2,5,6)

Fabry disease should be suspected in patients with a family history of Fabry disease or those who present with the clinical manifestations or laboratory abnormalities associated with the disease. The diagnosis is typically confirmed by biochemical and/or molecular genetic testing, with the latter approach being the final determinant.(5) An initial evaluation includes baseline documentation of renal function (e.g., proteinuria, glomerular filtration rate [GFR]), cardiac function (e.g., left ventricular hypertrophy, conduction defects, mitral and/or aortic valve abnormalities), ophthalmological signs (e.g., corneal verticillate, subcapsular cataracts, conjunctival and/or retinal vasculopathy), peripheral nerve symptoms (e.g., neuropathic pain, heat and/or cold intolerance, impaired sweat function), and gastrointestinal involvement (e.g., nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation).(2,5,6)

After a thorough clinical evaluation, mutational analysis of the GLA gene is the gold-standard assay to confirm the diagnosis of Fabry disease in males and females. For male patients suspected of having Fabry disease, an initial measurement of alpha-Gal A activity (in leukocytes, plasma, fibroblasts, or dried blood spots [DBS]) may be performed. However, the alpha-Gal A activity assay is not definitive confirmation of Fabry disease, since the assay will identify less than 50% of female carriers. Additionally, for patients with residual alpha-Gal A activity on assay (3-35%), genetic testing for a pathogenic GLA gene will confirm the Fabry disease diagnosis, and establish the patient’s amenability to treatment with chaperone therapy.(2,5)

There is no cure for Fabry disease. Available Fabry-specific therapies include intravenous enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) and pharmacologic chaperone therapy. ERT with Fabrazyme (agalsidase beta) or Elfabrio (pegunigalsidase alfa) focuses on replacing the missing or deficient enzyme (alpha-Gal A). Galafold (migalastat, an oral capsule) is approved as first-line therapy in patients with amenable GLA gene variants.(3,4,6) Migalastat is a pharmacologic chaperone that binds to and stabilizes specific (amenable) mutant forms of alpha-Gal A, thereby facilitating proper trafficking of the enzyme to lysosomes. Once in the lysosome, migalastat dissociates from alpha-Gal A allowing it to then catabolize accumulated glycolipids.(1,3,4)

Certain GLA mutations causing Fabry disease result in the production of abnormally folded and less stable forms of the alpha-Gal A protein which retain residual enzymatic activity. These GLA variants, referred to as amenable variants, produce alpha-Gal A proteins that may be stabilized by migalastat thereby restoring their trafficking to lysosomes and their intralysosomal activity.(1) A complete list of amenable variants is available in the Galafold prescribing information or a specific variant can be verified as amenable at http://www.galafoldamenabilitytable.com/hcp.

Patients on ERT or migalastat should have a clinical evaluation every 6-12 months. Renal function, cardiac function, ophthalmological signs, peripheral nerve symptoms, and gastrointestinal involvement should all be assessed to monitor disease manifestations, disease severity, and/or side effects of therapy.(3,5)

Efficacy

Study AT1001-011 (NCT00925301) included a 6-month randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase followed by a 6-month open-label treatment phase and a 12-month open-label extension phase. A total of 67 patients with Fabry disease who were naïve to migalastat and enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) or who were previously treated with ERT and had been off ERT for at least 6 months were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive migalastat every other day or placebo for the first 6 months. In the second 6 months, all patients were treated with migalastat. At 6 months, patients treated with migalastat had lower plasma globotriaosylceramide (GL-3, Gb3) levels compared with placebo. No changes in these parameters occurred in patients with non-amenable GLA mutations.(1)

A second trial, 18-month, randomized, active-controlled, with 57 adults, compared migalastat with ERT in patients who were previously treated with ERT. Primary objective was to assess renal function and secondary endpoints of cardiovascular and patient-reported outcomes. At 18 months, migalastat and ERT had comparable effects on kidney function. Left ventricular mass index decreased from baseline in patients on migalastat but did not change significantly in those on ERT.(3)

Safety

Migalastat has no FDA labeled contraindications for use.(1)

REFERENCES                                                                                                                                                                           

Number

Reference

1

Galafold prescribing information. Amicus Therapeutics US, Inc. June 2023.

2

Mauer M, Wallace E, Schiffmann R, et al. Fabry Disease: Clinical Features and Diagnosis. UpToDate. Last updated July 2023. Literature review current through December 2023.

3

Mauer M, Wallace E, Schiffmann R, et al. Fabry Disease: Treatment and Prognosis. UpToDate. Last updated November 2023. Literature review current through December 2023.

4

Germain DP, Nicholls K, Giugliani R, et al. Efficacy of the Pharmacologic Chaperone Migalastat in a Subset of Male Patients with the Classic Phenotype of Fabry Disease and Migalastat-Amenable Variants: Data from the Phase 3 Randomized, Multicenter, Double-Blind Clinical Trial and Extension Study. Genet Med. 2019 Feb;21(9):1987-1997.

5

Ortiz A, Germain DP, Desnick RJ, et al. Fabry Disease Revisited: Management and Treatment Recommendations for Adult Patients. Mol Genet Metab. 2018 Apr;123(4):416-427.

6

Ganesh J, et al. Fabry Disease. National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD): Rare Disease Database. 2019. Available at: https://rarediseases.org/rare-diseases/fabry-disease/

POLICY AGENT SUMMARY PRIOR AUTHORIZATION

Target Brand Agent(s)

Target Generic Agent(s)

Strength

Targeted MSC

Available MSC

Final Age Limit

Preferred Status

Galafold

migalastat hcl cap

123 MG

M ; N ; O ; Y

N

POLICY AGENT SUMMARY QUANTITY LIMIT

Target Brand Agent Name(s)

Target Generic Agent Name(s)

Strength

QL Amount

Dose Form

Day Supply

Duration

Addtl QL Info

Allowed Exceptions

Targeted NDCs When Exclusions Exist

Galafold

Migalastat HCl Cap 123 MG (Base Equivalent)

123 MG

14

Capsules

28

DAYS

CLIENT SUMMARY – PRIOR AUTHORIZATION

Target Brand Agent Name(s)

Target Generic Agent Name(s)

Strength

Client Formulary

Galafold

migalastat hcl cap

123 MG

Blue Partner ; Commercial ; Health Insurance Marketplace ; NetResults A Series ; SourceRx

CLIENT SUMMARY – QUANTITY LIMITS

Target Brand Agent Name(s)

Target Generic Agent Name(s)

Strength

Client Formulary

Galafold

Migalastat HCl Cap 123 MG (Base Equivalent)

123 MG

Blue Partner ; Commercial ; Health Insurance Marketplace ; NetResults A Series ; SourceRx

PRIOR AUTHORIZATION CLINICAL CRITERIA FOR APPROVAL

Module

Clinical Criteria for Approval

Initial Evaluation

Target Agent(s) will be approved when ALL of the following are met:

  1. ONE of the following:
    1. The requested agent is eligible for continuation of therapy AND ONE of the following:

Agents Eligible for Continuation of Therapy

Galafold

      1. The patient has been treated with the requested agent (starting on samples is not approvable) within the past 90 days OR
      2. The prescriber states the patient has been treated with the requested agent (starting on samples is not approvable) within the past 90 days AND is at risk if therapy is changed OR
    1. BOTH of the following:
      1. The patient has a diagnosis of Fabry disease AND BOTH of the following:
        1. The diagnosis was confirmed by mutation in the galactosidase alpha (GLA) gene AND
        2. The patient has a confirmed amenable GLA variant based on in vitro assay data (a complete list of amenable variants is available in the Galafold prescribing information, or a specific variant can be verified as amenable at http://www.galafoldamenabilitytable.com/hcp) AND
      2. If the patient has an FDA labeled indication, then ONE of the following:
        1. The patient’s age is within FDA labeling for the requested indication for the requested agent OR
        2. There is support for using the requested agent for the patient’s age for the requested indication AND
  1. The prescriber is a specialist in the area of the patient’s diagnosis (e.g., endocrinologist, geneticist, nephrologist) or the prescriber has consulted with a specialist in the area of the patient’s diagnosis AND
  2. The prescriber has assessed current status of ALL of the following: renal function (e.g., proteinuria, glomerular filtration rate [GFR]), cardiac function (e.g., left ventricular hypertrophy, conduction defects, mitral and/or aortic valve abnormalities), ophthalmological signs (e.g., corneal verticillate, subcapsular cataracts, conjunctival and/or retinal vasculopathy), peripheral nerve symptoms (e.g., neuropathic pain, heat and/or cold intolerance, impaired sweat function), and gastrointestinal involvement (e.g., nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation) AND
  3. The patient will NOT be using the requested agent in combination with enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) (e.g., Elfabrio, Fabrazyme) for the requested indication AND
  4. The patient does NOT have any FDA labeled contraindications to the requested agent

Length of Approval:  6 months

NOTE: If Quantity Limit applies, please refer to Quantity Limit Criteria.

 

Renewal Evaluation

Target Agent(s) will be approved when ALL of the following are met:

  1. The patient has been previously approved for the requested agent through the plan’s Prior Authorization process [Note: patients not previously approved for the requested agent will require initial evaluation review] AND
  2. The patient has had improvements or stabilization with the requested agent as indicated by ONE of the following:
    1. Renal function (e.g., proteinuria, glomerular filtration rate [GFR]) OR
    2. Cardiac function (e.g., left ventricular hypertrophy, conduction defects, mitral and/or aortic valve abnormalities) OR
    3. Ophthalmological signs (e.g., corneal verticillate, subcapsular cataracts, conjunctival and/or retinal vasculopathy) OR
    4. Peripheral nerve symptoms (e.g., neuropathic pain, heat and/or cold intolerance, impaired sweat function) OR
    5. Gastrointestinal symptoms (e.g., nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation) AND
  3. The prescriber is a specialist in the area of the patient’s diagnosis (e.g., endocrinologist, geneticist, nephrologist) or the prescriber has consulted with a specialist in the area of the patient’s diagnosis AND
  4. The patient will NOT be using the requested agent in combination with enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) (e.g., Elvabrio, Fabrazyme) for the requested indication AND
  5. The patient does NOT have any FDA labeled contraindications to the requested agent

Length of Approval:  12 months

NOTE: If Quantity Limit applies, please refer to Quantity Limit Criteria.

QUANTITY LIMIT CLINICAL CRITERIA FOR APPROVAL

Module

Clinical Criteria for Approval

Quantity limit for the Target Agent(s) will be approved when ONE of the following is met:

  1. The requested quantity (dose) does NOT exceed the program quantity limit OR
  2. ALL of the following:
    1. The requested quantity (dose) exceeds the program quantity limit AND
    2. The requested quantity (dose) does NOT exceed the maximum FDA labeled dose for the requested indication AND
    3. The requested quantity (dose) cannot be achieved with a lower quantity of a higher strength that does NOT exceed the program quantity limit

Length of Approval:  Initial - up to 6 months; Renewal - up to 12 months

This pharmacy policy is not an authorization, certification, explanation of benefits or a contract. Eligibility and benefits are determined on a case-by-case basis according to the terms of the member’s plan in effect as of the date services are rendered. All pharmacy policies are based on (i) information in FDA approved package inserts (and black box warning, alerts, or other information disseminated by the FDA as applicable); (ii) research of current medical and pharmacy literature; and/or (iii) review of common medical practices in the treatment and diagnosis of disease as of the date hereof. Physicians and other providers are solely responsible for all aspects of medical care and treatment, including the type, quality, and levels of care and treatment.

The purpose of Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Alabama’s pharmacy policies are to provide a guide to coverage. Pharmacy policies are not intended to dictate to physicians how to practice medicine. Physicians should exercise their medical judgment in providing the care they feel is most appropriate for their patients.

Neither this policy, nor the successful adjudication of a pharmacy claim, is guarantee of payment.

 

 

 

Commercial _ PS _ Galafold_PAQL _ProgSum_ 07-01-2024